1.The indefinite article
2.The definite article
3.Cases where no article is used
1.The indefinite article:
indefinite article in English is
It is used:
before a singular noun when the
latter is countable.
b) before names of professions.
is used before one of
the cases mentioned above beginning with a vowel (a, o, i, u when not
uncle (but not "an university").
2.The definite article:
-The definite article is the.
It is used before:
a noun which has become definite
as a result of being mentioned a second time.
I am driving a car. The car belongs to my friend John.
nouns which there is only one or considered as one.
moon, ... (but not the
God but God).
most expensive, …
Names of rivers, mountains, seas, etc. and plural nouns of countries:
Mediterranean Sea, the
United Arab Emirates, ...
3.Cases where no article is used:
before plural nouns used in general terms.
trees, animals, ...
before amenities like: church,
market, hospital, school, etc. when they are used for their primary use.
I went to hospital. (because I was ill.)
But when they are not used for that, the definite article is used:
I went to the
hospital. (to visit a friend of mine.)
before uncountable nouns.
information, money, ink, water, wood, …
before abstract nouns.
freedom, peace, ...
before names of meals.
lunch, dinner, …
before names of days of the week and months of the year.
Tuesday, January, …