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The home of English grammar for Algerian 3ème A.S. pupils and students of English and of other branches and all those interested in.
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The Present Tenses

1)The Present Simple
2)The Present Continuous 
3)The Present Perfect  


1)The Present Simple:  
- Its form is: the stem of the verb with the persons: I, you, we, and they, and the stem of the verb plus s with the persons: he, she, and it.
e.g. We listen to music .
       It
rains a lot in Béjaia.
-
It is used to express actions which are habitual.It is often used with adverbs and adverbials of frequency like: often, always, usually, sometimes, seldom, rarely, on Sundays, …
e.g. I often go to school by bus.
- It is used with general truths: things that remain unchanged.
e.g. The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.
- It is used with verbs of feeling like:
see, hear, smell, believe, know, understand, think (when expressing an opinion), … which are used only in the simple form.
e.g. I understand ( not I am understanding ) your problem.
       I
think ( not I am thinking ) it is a good idea.
* Compare: I
am thinking about the question. (= I am working my brain about the question).  

2)The Present Continuous:
-
Its form is: the auxiliary to be in the present simple plus the gerund of the verb.
e.g. I am talking.
- It is used to describe actions which are taking place at the time of speaking (now) or around the time of speaking (but not at this precise moment).
e.g. I am reading a novel.
- It is also used to express fixed arrangements, usually in the near future. But the time of the actions like:
tomorrow, next week, … is always stated or understood.  
e.g. John is meeting his friends for a drink tomorrow.

3)The Present Perfect:
-Its form is: to have in the present simple plus the past participle of the verb.
e.g. He has written a letter to his friend.  
- It is used to describe an action in the past when no time or date is stated.
e.g. I have seen that film before.
- It is used with just to describe a recently completed action.
e.g. Your friend has just left.
- It is used with
since and for to describe an action which began in the past. For is used for a period of time.  
e.g. He has lived here since 1980.
      I
have stayed in Algiers for two years.
- It is used with
already.
e.g. I have already done the washing up.  
- It
is used with ‘not yet.
e.g. I have not finished yet.
-It is used with expressions of time like: never, always, often, seldom, … to mean “up to now”.

e.g. I have never been to France.
 

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